Some individuals hail vaping being a safer alternative to cigarettes, arguing that there’s no tobacco smoke, so it’s have got to be safer. It remains to be seen if that’s true, there is a few evidence that the stuff inside vapes and e-cigs is toxic. But beyond that, there’s the fact these items occasionally blow up.
You hadn’t learned about this? Some pretty gruesome reports are starting to pile up. In November, a person in Colorado broke his neck, lost some teeth, and suffered burns and facial fractures when his e-cigarette exploded. A 15-year-old California boy lost half twelve teeth in a similar mishap last month. In Tennessee, another teen is recuperating from the severe burns caused each time a cheap vape pen starter kit caught fire in the pocket a couple weeks ago.
Statistics outlining just how prevalent this is certainly remain thin, nevertheless the Federal Emergency Management Agency, of all the things, identified 25 cases of electronic cigarette explosions in america between 2009-2014. However, that list is located only on incidents reported by the media. Given that vaping’s seen a surge in popularity since then-a year ago, the CDC reported a three-fold increase among middle- and high school students alone-the telephone number almost definitely is rising. A brief Internet search shows no less than twelve explosions in 2015 alone.
Rather than burning tobacco, vape pens and e-cigs use a small lithium-ion battery to heat an aerosol cartridge to discharge a vapor that’s inhaled. As with any device that utilizes lithium-ion batteries, you are able to encounter problems once the battery is damaged or subjected to extremes in temperature. A short circuit can cause battery to overheat, catch fire, as well as explode. These problems often exist in cheap consumer gadgets that happen to be quickly churned out of factories. On the whole, it’s relatively rare, but obviously it takes place-most recently, in hoverboard scooters.
“With lithium-ion batteries in general, once you operate one outside its safety window, there’s a tendency where things will go wrong,” says Venkat Viswanathan, who teaches mechanical engineering Carnegie Mellon University. That window is startlingly small: Viswanathan says batteries are best kept between 50 and 115 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s February, and all sorts of but four US states are averaging temperatures below 50 right now.
In some cases, the thing is compounded by cheap lithium-ion batteries that “don’t get the luxury of employing sophisticated management systems,” Viswanathan says. That can bring about dangerously over- or under-charged batteries. Dendrite is another potential problem. Dendrite is really a conductive filament that will form during the period of boxmmod charge/discharge cycles, particularly if the battery is rapidly charged. These things can spread such as a weed, eventually bridging the electrodes and creating a short circuit. “You have basically something similar to gasoline inside of your lithium-ion battery,” Viswanathan says, “therefore immediately it catches fire.”
Lithium-ion batteries power a whole lot of gadgets naturally, and sometimes do so without trouble. But such things as mobile phones and laptops and electric vehicles typically are created to exacting specifications and rigorously tested, both through the company and outside experts. The Smoke-Free Alternative Trade Association, which represents for vape-makers, said it “cannot talk with user error or on behalf of a manufacturer with regard to their device” and, “If there is truly a concern by using a specific device, much like a lap top or mobile phone manufacturer, that company should go ahead and take appropriate action.”
As well as to be fair, it’s not uncommon for users to change their box mod vape, and any number of websites offer easy methods to do just that. The business trade group duly notes that hacked and modded devices can pose a safety risk.
All of which begs the question what, if something, has been done about this. Most regulatory discussions about e-cigarettes and vapes target the Food and Drug Administration’s critique of the chemicals located in the devices. The FDA is about to introduce rules regulating the industry, a move that may classify electronic cigarettes and vaping products much like tobacco. Products would carry warning labels, sales to minors will be banned, and you’d see restrictions on such things as offering free samples. But little has been said concerning the safety of your devices.
The Smoke-Free Alternative Trade Association says it supports “reasonable science-based regulations,” but opposes anything that might “stifle innovation.” Nevertheless it argues “e-cigs and vapor goods are technology products, separate and distinct from combustible tobacco.” They liken these people to electronic products.
That’s where things get tricky. Asked whether it has any safety concerns regarding the devices, the buyer Products Safety Commission deferred to the FDA, saying this is the federal regulator in control there. The FDA does claim responsibility for ensuring the security in the parts within the devices that happen to be utilized in the intake of tobacco products. But there aren’t a great deal of safety rules for manufacturers to go by, as well as the FDA is encouraging people to report any problems.
Viswanathan has a recommendation for companies making what is sub ohm vaping and also other gadgets that use lithium-ion batteries: Crib from automakers making electric cars. They’ve developed sophisticated systems for minimizing the risks of problems. “Lithium-ion batteries fundamentally are susceptible to catching fire,” he says, “and car makers have realized efficient approaches to create zones where these batteries are secure to function.”
Granted, the chances that your vape pen will blow up as an exploding cigar are slim. However it is possible, so your best option is to buy a top quality vape pen coming from a reputable manufacturer. Check the parts-should they look and feel cheap, they probably are. Viswanathan suggests ensuring that it’s got some kind of battery management system to stop shorts and thermal runaway. Be sure you’re making use of the right battery and charger, and don’t modify anything.